Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering
On-line version ISSN 2309-8775
MATHEBA, M J; STEYN, W J vd M; MOLOISANE, R J and MILNE, T I. Evaluation of the response behaviour of unconfined cemented materials under dynamic loading. J. S. Afr. Inst. Civ. Eng. [online]. 2015, vol.57, n.3, pp. 26-34. ISSN 2309-8775. http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/2309-8775/2015/V57N3A4.
There is a significant increase in traffic loading on most roads in the developing African countries, and South Africa is one of them. Often this increased traffic loading results in the premature failure of pavement structures. Mechanistic-empirical (M-E) design methods based on fundamental principles are better able to accommodate changes in the design environment. The successful use of design methods depends on the accuracy of the input material parameters. Therefore, as design is moving towards M-E design methods, there is a need for the material parameters to reflect the actual pavement response to dynamic loads. The objective of this paper is to report on the investigation of the response of cement-stabilised sub-base layers to dynamic load by evaluating stiffness at a known strain level. This stiffness was compared with those derived from unconfined compressive strength (UCS) tests performed at static load. The strain and stiffness values were also evaluated against compacted density, cement content, moisture content and material type. It was found that stiffness of some of the cement-stabilised sub-base layers may possibly be overestimated through the use of static loads.
Keywords : cement-stabilised sub-base layer; dry and wet conditions; dynamic loading; stiffness.