Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering
On-line version ISSN 2309-8775
AHMAD, S; SALLAM, Y S and AL-HASHMI, I A R. Optimising dosage of Lytag used as coarse aggregate in lightweight aggregate concretes. J. S. Afr. Inst. Civ. Eng. [online]. 2013, vol.55, n.1, pp. 80-84. ISSN 2309-8775.
Lytag, manufactured first by pelletisation of a mixture of fly ash, bentonite and water, and then by sintering the spherical pellets at about 1 300°C, is used as coarse aggregate for producing lightweight plain and structural concrete mixtures. The weight of lightweight concretes is reduced significantly without compromising the structural integrity. The reduced dead load results in significant savings in the cost of foundations and reinforcement, as well as reduction in the sizes of columns, beams and slabs, which in turn reduce the overall volume of concrete and the costs of formwork and scaffolding. This paper reports on the results of an experimental study which consisted of designing, preparing and testing different mixtures of lightweight aggregate concrete considering four dosages of Lytag, used as coarse aggregate. It was found that the density and workability of concrete mixtures significantly decreased with increase in the dosage of Lytag. Concrete mixtures containing Lytag were found to be stronger than normal weight concrete. However, the strength of the lightweight aggregate concrete is found to be maximum at an optimum dosage of the Lytag.
Keywords : Lytag; lightweight aggregate concrete; dosage; mixtures; optimisation.