Journal of the South African Veterinary Association
On-line version ISSN 2224-9435
CHITANGA, Simbarashe; GAFF, Holly and MUKARATIRWA, Samson. Tick-borne pathogens of potential zoonotic importance in the Southern African Region. J. S. Afr. Vet. Assoc. [online]. 2014, vol.85, n.1, pp. 01-03. ISSN 2224-9435.
The aim of this communication is to provide preliminary information on the tick-borne pathogens of potential zoonotic importance present in southern Africa, mainly focusing on their geographical distribution and host range, and to identify research gaps. The following tick-borne zoonoses have been reported to occur in southern Africa based mainly on case reports: Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever caused by Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever virus; ehrlichiosis caused by Ehrlichia ruminantium, Ehrlichia canis and Anaplasma phagocytophilum; babesiosis caused by Babesia microti; relapsing fever caused by Borrelia duttonii and rickettsioses caused by Rickettsia africae, Rickettsia aeschlimannii and Rickettsia conorii. The epidemiological factors influencing their occurrence are briefly reviewed.