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Journal of the South African Veterinary Association

On-line version ISSN 2224-9435

Abstract

VRDOLJAK, Kirsten J.; CASSEL, Nicolette  and  DVIR, Eran. Oesophagogastric intussusception associated with spirocercosis in a dog. J. S. Afr. Vet. Assoc. [online]. 2014, vol.85, n.1, pp. 01-05. ISSN 2224-9435.

An oesophagogastric intussusception was diagnosed in an intact Bull Terrier female aged 2 years and 7 months with a concurrent Spirocerca lupi infection. The dog was presented collapsed with a history of inappetance and lethargy of one day's duration. Anaemia and melaena were present on clinical examination. Thoracic radiographs did not reveal any significant findings. Abdominal ultrasound was suspicious for gastric pathology or a possible foreign body. The final diagnosis of an oesophagogastric intussusception with an S. lupi nodule at the cardia was made on post-mortem. Oesophageal intussusceptions are rare in dogs and often fatal. Gastro-oesophageal intussusceptions usually present with obvious radiographic signs in the caudal thorax, unlike an oesophagogastric intussusception, where the pathology lies within the abdomen and may not be readily diagnosed. Although spirocercosis often presents with a caudal oesophageal mass, this may not be seen radiographically. In this case, the two conditions were present together but the thoracic radiographs were normal.

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