Journal of the South African Veterinary Association
On-line version ISSN 2224-9435
PYPERS, A R; HOLM, D E and WILLIAMS, J H. Fatal congenital anaplasmosis associated with bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) infection in a crossbred calf. J. S. Afr. Vet. Assoc. [online]. 2011, vol.82, n.3, pp. 179-182. ISSN 2224-9435.
Clinical disease resulting from the vertical transmission of Anaplasma marginale has only been reported on 5 occasions despite studies demonstrating successful in utero transmission. During the reported experimental induction of congenital anaplasmosis in calves, the outcome was variable but mostly led to inapparent or mild infection. There are previous case reports of fatal congenital anaplasmosis following natural infection. The clinical findings in a 2-day-old calf presented to the Onderstepoort Veterinary Academic Hospital with clinical signs of congenital anaplasmosis, which was unresponsive to treatment, are described. Subsequent post mortem diagnostic tests revealed that this calf was co-infected with bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV). It is postulated that immunosuppression resulting from BVDV infection predisposed to severe, fatal anaplasmosis in this calf.
Keywords : Anaplasma marginale; bovine; bovine viral diarrhoea; calf; congenital anaplasmosis; immunosuppression.