Journal of the South African Veterinary Association
On-line version ISSN 2224-9435
Print version ISSN 1019-9128
BERKOWITZ, A et al. Description of the pathology of a gazelle that died during a major outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in Israel. J. S. Afr. Vet. Assoc. [online]. 2010, vol.81, n.1, pp.62-64. ISSN 2224-9435.
Naturally occurring foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in wildlife is a relatively mild condition but occasionally it can be devastating as has been documented in impala in South Africa and in mountain gazelles in Israel. This report describes pathological changes in an adult male gazelle with FMD from an outbreak in the Nature Reserve of Ramot-Issachar region and the lower Galilee in Israel. The outbreak was characterised by the malignant form of the disease, which is uncommon among domestic animals. Lesions observed included, ulceration in the oral cavity, oesophagus and ruminal pillars, coronitis, multifocal cardiac necrosis and pancreatic necrosis and inflammation. Pneumonia, caused by Muellerius capillaries was an incidental finding.
Keywords : foot-and-mouth disease; Gazella gazelle gazelle; mountain gazelle.