Journal of the South African Veterinary Association
On-line version ISSN 2224-9435
Print version ISSN 1019-9128
BEZUIDENHOUT, J D. Heartwater: An abridged historical account. J. S. Afr. Vet. Assoc. [online]. 2009, vol.80, n.4, pp.208-209. ISSN 2224-9435.
Heartwater was first recognised and recorded in South Africa as early as 1838. Since then the disease has been described from almost all the countries in Africa south of the Sahara, from certain islands around Africa and from a number of islands in the Caribbean. Most of the research on the disease, at least until fairly recently, was conducted in South Africa. Progress in research on the disease has been slow but a few important findings are highlighted in this paper.
Keywords : Cowdriosis; Ehrlichia ruminantium; heartwater; history of veterinary diseases; tick-borne diseases.