Journal of the South African Veterinary Association
On-line version ISSN 2224-9435
BAKUNZI, F R. Efficacy of 3 anthelmintics in communally grazed sheep as reflected by faecal egg count reduction tests in a semi-arid area of South Africa. J. S. Afr. Vet. Assoc. [online]. 2008, vol.79, n.1, pp. 54-55. ISSN 2224-9435.
A survey was conducted on the occurrence of anthelmintic resistance of nematodes in communally grazed sheep in a semi-arid area near Mafikeng South Africa, from January to March 2006. In the herds belonging to twelve smallholder sheep farmers, the efficacies of albendazole, levamisole and closantel were tested by faecal egg count reduction tests where 80 % efficacy was considered the cut off for anthelmintic resistance. The results of the faecal egg count reduction tests showed more than 80 % efficacy with all the drugs used in most cases, but there were notable exceptions. In 1 case, closantel had an efficacy of 72%, albendazole had an efficacy of 68 % and levamisole showed efficacies of 58%, 60% and 75 =% respectively on 4 farms. The occurrence of anthelmintic resistance in this farming sector is of concern and steps should be taken to prevent its further spread and development to avoid a situation developing as on numerous commercial sheep farms in South Africa where resistance is common.
Keywords : albendazole; closantel; communal grazing; drug resistance; levamisole; nema-todes; sheep; South Africa.