Studia Historiae Ecclesiasticae
versão On-line ISSN 2412-4265
DA SILVA, Fernando Caldeira. The role of the Christian Council of Mozambique in the colonial war (1964-1974) and in civil wars (1977-2014): Christians in colonial wars. Studia Hist. Ecc. [online]. 2015, vol.41, n.1, pp. 105-121. ISSN 2412-4265. http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/2412-4265/2015/v41n1a8.
Founded in 1948, the Christian Council of Mozambique (Conselho Cristáo de Mozambique - CCM) is an institution which contributed to the Colonial War (1964-1974) and to ending the Civil Wars (1977-1992) (2012-2014). The Berkley Center for Religion, Peace and World Affairs informed the CCM ideals on 'sustainable development'.2 By the latter's evangelisation and teaching, leaders such as Eduardo C. Mondlane were produced for the independence of Mozambique.3 After independence the CCM embarked on facilitated dialogue, bringing peace to a nation torn apart by two belligerent parties, RENAMO4 and FRELIMO.5 In 1984 it created the Commission for Justice, Peace and Reconciliation which attended to the victims of war. This article explores the role of the CCM, its President Bishop Dinis Salomáo Sengulane, and other religious leaders in ending the Civil Wars and implementing peace,6 including within recent history.
Palavras-chave : Christian Council of Mozambique; Conselho Cristáo de Mogambique (CCM); Colonial War; Civil Wars; Berkley Center for Religion; Peace and World Affairs; Bishop Dinis Salomáo Sengulane; Renamo; Frelimo; Rahil Khan; Afonso Dlhakama; Ps. Rodney Hein; Portuguese Empire.