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Old Testament Essays

versão On-line ISSN 2312-3621
versão impressa ISSN 1010-9919


ANDRADO, Paba Nidhani De. Reconciliation in the Templeless Age: The Servant as Sanctuary in Isa 53. Old testam. essays [online]. 2021, vol.34, n.3, pp.915-935. ISSN 2312-3621.

Isaiah 53 has been at the crossroads of Jewish-Christian polemical debate about the identity of the unnamed figure. This article emphasises that it is not the identity but the function of the Servant which is pivotal. This study examines relevant terms, imagery, and allusions in Isa 53 to determine intertextual links to cultic texts. It investigates the Servant's association with the triple roles of priest, sacrifice and offerer/sinner while also considering his expiatory function. The study frames this cultic portrayal of the Servant as a response to the "templeless age." The destruction of the temple in 587 B.C.E resulted in a dilemma for the deportees who sought to reconcile with their deity in a foreign land. The traumatic loss of the temple resulted in creative ideas of how to access God in the absence of a sanctuary. Isaiah 53 addresses the cultic void by shifting the site and means of expiatory atonement from a physical place (the temple) to a person (the Servant).

Palavras-chave : Isaiah 53; Servant; Fourth Servant Song; Temple; Sacrifice; Expiation; Biblical Cult; Reconciliation; Atonement.

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