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Old Testament Essays

On-line version ISSN 2312-3621
Print version ISSN 1010-9919

Abstract

PRINSLOO, Gert. Inner-biblical Allusion in Habakkuk's משא (Hab 1:1-2:20) and Utterances Concerning Babylon in Isaiah 13-23 (Isa 13:1-14:23; 21:1-10). Old testam. essays [online]. 2018, vol.31, n.3, pp.663-691. ISSN 2312-3621.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/2312-3621/2018/v31n3a15.

Inner-biblical allusions in Habakkuk's –—” (Hab 1:1-2:20) and –—”•— concerning Babylon in Isaiah 13-23 (Isa 13:1-14:23; 21:1-10) suggest a shared circle of tradition and the reinterpretation of prophetic messages in developing social and political circumstances. Habakkuk 's –—” condemns violent behaviour (1:5-11, 12-17; 2:5-20), but with the exception of –—” ("the Chaldeans") in 1:5, shows a surprising reluctance to name the perpetrators of violence overtly. An analysis of inner-biblical allusions in Hab 1:1-2:20 and Isa 13:1-14:23; 21:1-10 -where Babylonian arrogance is overtly condemned - facilitates a contextual interpretation of both prophetic corpora, throws light on the identity of "the wicked" in Habakkuk, and makes an (original) exilic setting for Hab 1-2 a distinct possibility. Habakkuk's might be deliberately vague about the identity of the wicked because of their ominous presence in the concrete living conditions of its audience.

Keywords : Habakkuk; Isaiah; inner-biblical allusion; Babylon; prophetic tradition.

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