Old Testament Essays
On-line version ISSN 2312-3621
Print version ISSN 1010-9919
ULRICH, Dean R.. How early Judaism read Daniel 9:24-27. Old testam. essays [online]. 2014, vol.27, n.3, pp.1062-1083. ISSN 2312-3621.
The prophecy of the seventy sevens in Dan 9:24-27 has produced a variety of interpretations throughout the history of Christian interpretation. This article examines early Jewish readings of Daniel in order to determine if Jewish interpretation of the seventy sevens was more uniform or just as diverse. After considering the Septuagint, 1 and 2 Maccabees, the Dead Sea Scrolls, Josephus, 1 Enoch, and Jubilees, the article concludes that a typological hermeneutic enabled Jews to apply Daniel's prophecy in fresh ways to new situations. The theme of jubilee with the accompanying hope of inheritance especially caused Jews to read this passage creatively during times of loss and stress.
Keywords : The Book of Daniel; typological exegesis; jubilee; Jewish interpretation; Josephus; I Enoch.