Old Testament Essays
On-line version ISSN 2312-3621
SCHEETZ, Jordan M.. Canon-conscious interpretation: Genesis 22, the Masoretic text, and Targum Onkelos. Old testam. essays [online]. 2014, vol.27, n.1, pp. 263-284. ISSN 2312-3621.
This article is an example of canon-conscious interpretation based on a comparison of Gen 22:1-19 between the Masoretic text (MT) and Targum Onkelos (TO) that demonstrates the canon-conscious changes in TO. Based on the translator's knowledge of another text in 2 Chr 3:1, this results in changes in both passages. Although the Hebrew texts are essentially translated word for word into Aramaic throughout most of the passage, changes result from retaining canon-conscious exegetical interpretations in TO, leading in turn to a nuanced interpretation of the passage. From a methodological standpoint, the MT is examined first paying particular attention to grammatical, syntactical, and literary issues. Further the text is compared with TO, noting similarities and differences and then examining when and whether these differences change the overall interpretation of the text.