Old Testament Essays
versão On-line ISSN 2312-3621
BARBIERO, Gianni. Messianismus und Theokratie: Die Verbindung der Psalmen 144 und 145 und ihre Bedeutung für die Komposition des Psalters. Old testam. essays [online]. 2014, vol.27, n.1, pp. 41-52. ISSN 2312-3621.
ABSTRACT Contrary to the widespread opinion that Ps 144 is made up of two different redactions, or even of two psalms, the author sees it as a unitary composition in which the salvation of the king (vv. 1-11) obtains peace for his people (vv. 12-15). Psalm 145 fits neatly into this way of thinking precisely because the king 's salvation, spoken of in Ps 144, discloses the coming of the kingdom of God, spoken of by Ps 145. The association of these two themes in the two concluding psalms (taking 146-150 as the epilogue) of the Psalter is significant because it assails the position of those who separate a messianic psalter (Pss 2-89) from a theocratic one (Pss 90-150). In fact, the two themes are already combined in Ps 2, at the beginning of the Psalter (cf. v. 2), and, above all, in Ps 22. In this psalm, in the salvation of poor "David" (vv. 2-22), the eschatological kingdom of YHWH (cf. v. 29) is realised, and it is a kingdom which affects not only the poor of Israel (vv. 23-27) but the whole world (vv. 28-30). Messianism and theocracy are not opposed to each other but closely linked throughout the Psalter.