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Old Testament Essays

On-line version ISSN 2312-3621
Print version ISSN 1010-9919


OSBORNE, William R.. Anteriority and justification: Pragmatic functions of the Wex-qatal form indirect speech in the book of Genesis. Old testam. essays [online]. 2012, vol.25, n.2, pp.369-382. ISSN 2312-3621.

Recognizing that scholarship has long struggled with the so-called "freeness " of Hebrew word order in direct speech, this study seeks to demonstrate that the primary pragmatic functions of the wex-qatal form within direct speech in classical biblical Hebrew are justification and anteriority. Examining the issues of word order and the syntactical opposition between the wayyiqtol and wex-qatal, the work concludes by presenting numerous examples of both functions in Genesis texts. The implications of the study are an improved understanding of clausal relationships within direct speech and improved translations and interpretations of these passages.

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