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South African Journal of Chemistry

On-line version ISSN 1996-840X
Print version ISSN 0379-4350


ANADEBE, Valentine Chikaodili et al. Evaluation of Bitter Kola Leaf Extract as an Anticorrosion Additive for Mild Steel in 1.2 M H2SO4 Electrolyte. S.Afr.j.chem. (Online) [online]. 2021, vol.75, pp.6-17. ISSN 1996-840X.

Plant-based material, namely bitter kola leaf, as an additive for surface modification of mild steel in H2SO4 solution was thoroughly scrutinized using electrochemical, theoretical and optimization techniques. The functional groups, of the biomolecules of the bitter kola leaf extract, were examined using Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR) and gas chroma-tography-mass spectrophotometry (GC-MS). For clarification purpose, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to inspect the texture of the degraded and inhibited steel after 21 h of immersion. For the response surface methodology (RSM), central composite design of Design-Expert Software was used to optimize the inhibition efficiency as a function of acid concentration, inhibitor concentration, temperature and time. The optimum inhibition efficiency of 93 % was obtained at 0.9 g L-1 bitter kola leaf. The mutual correlation between the considered variables and expected response was adequately interpreted by a quadratic model. The fitness of the model was justified by the following standards which include P-value (<0.0001), adjusted R2 (0.9843), R2 (0.991), adequate precision (43.14) and coefficient of variation (2.59). Bitter kola leaf extract behaved as a mixed-type inhibitor and adequately satisfied Langmuir adsorption isotherm. Furthermore, the theoretical modelling revealed the most active molecule of bitter kola leaf responsible for the overall inhibition. The experimental and theoretical results are in agreement that bitter kola leaf extract is a viable corrosion inhibitor of mild steel in H2SO4 solution.

Keywords : Acid corrosion; electrochemical study; green extract; mild steel; optimization study; theoretical modelling.

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