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South African Journal of Chemistry

On-line version ISSN 1996-840X
Print version ISSN 0379-4350


ANADEBE, V.C.; ONUKWULI, O.D.; OMOTIOMA, M.  and  OKAFOR, N.A. Optimization and Electrochemical Study on the Control of Mild Steel Corrosion in Hydrochloric Acid Solution with Bitter Kola Leaf Extract as Inhibitor. S.Afr.j.chem. (Online) [online]. 2018, vol.71, pp.51-61. ISSN 1996-840X.

Response surface methodology was applied to predict the optimum control of mild steel corrosion in acid medium with bitter kola leaf extract as inhibitor. The experiment was carried out to investigate the mutual interactions between the considered independent variables and the expected responses. Thermometric, gravimetric, potentiodynamics polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy were used in the corrosion inhibition study. As a supplementary technique, infrared spectroscopy was used to analyze the pure extract and corrosion products and it was observed that some peaks shifted while some disappeared. Inhibition efficiencies of 88.24 %, 86.81 %, 90 %, 89.5 % and 85.3 % were obtained from optimization, thermometric, gravimetric, potentiodynamics polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopic techniques, respectively. The bitter kola leaf extract behaved as a mixed-mode inhibitor. Application of response surface methodology in this study was found to be good in predicting the optimum range for controlling of metal corrosion thereby reducing the number of experimental runs.

Keywords : Acid; bitter kola leaf; Fourier transform infrared; mild steel; electrochemical impedance spectroscopy; potentio dynamics polarization.

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