South African Journal of Chemistry
On-line version ISSN 1996-840X
Print version ISSN 0379-4350
KHAN, Muhammad Haleem et al. Extraction of cerium (IV) using di-n-butylsulfoxide in chloroform from nitric acid and determination with arsenazo (III) as chromogenic Reagent. S.Afr.j.chem. (Online) [online]. 2015, vol.68, pp.69-75. ISSN 1996-840X. http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/0379-4350/2015/V68A11.
A new and advantageous extraction procedure was developed for extraction of cerium (IV) from nitric acid with di-n-butylsulfoxide (DBSO) in perchloric acid. The extracted Ce (IV) was determined spectrophotometrically using 0.01 % solution of arsenazo-III in 3 M per-chloric acid. Various parameters such as equilibration time, metal ion concentration, effect of temperature and diverse ions on the extraction of the Ce (IV) were established. U (VI), Th (IV) and Pb (II) interfere whereas only phosphate and fluoride suppress the extraction among anions. The stoichiometric composition of the cerium complex with DBSO was determined by slope analysis and found to be 1:4. The process of extraction was found to be exothermic. Deionized water was the most appropriate solvent for back extraction of cerium. This method is easier and more sensitive than many of the reported procedures.
Keywords : Cerium; extraction; DBSO; perchloric acid; arsenazo-II.