South African Journal of Chemistry
On-line version ISSN 1996-840X
Print version ISSN 0379-4350
MADIKIZELA, Lawrence M.; MUTHWA, Sindisiwe F. and CHIMUKA, Luke. Determination of Triclosan and Ketoprofen in River Water and Wastewater by Solid Phase Extraction and High Performance Liquid Chromatography. S.Afr.j.chem. (Online) [online]. 2014, vol.67. ISSN 1996-840X.
This paper describes a simple, sensitive and rapid method for the determination of triclosan and ketoprofen in wastewater influent, effluent and river water. The method involves solid phase extraction (SPE) of target compounds using Oasis HLB sorbent. Several extraction parameters such as sample pH, sample volume, SPE cartridge and SPE elution solvent were optimized. The pH of the collected samples was adjusted to 5.5, and then 100 mL of the sample was loaded into an Oasis HLB cartridge. Methanol was used to elute the retained compounds. The eluted compounds were analyzed using reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography with photo diode array detection (HPLC-PDA). The method was validated by spiking ultra-pure water and wastewater with different concentrations of both compounds ranging from 5 ju,g L-1 to 1000ju,g L-1. Recoveries were in the range of 73 % to 104 %, and % RSD ranged from 8%to15%. The method gave good detection limits of 0.01 and 0.08 ju,g L-1 for triclosan and ketoprofen, respectively. Traces of both compounds were detected in all wastewater (influent and effluent) samples at a range of 1.2 to 9.0 ju,g L-1 and in some river water samples.
Keywords : Solid phase extraction; high performance liquid chromatography; wastewater treatment plants; triclosan; ketoprofen.