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South African Journal of Chemistry

On-line version ISSN 1996-840X

Abstract

VAN DER WAT, Leandri; DOVEY, Martin; NAUDE, Yvette  and  FORBES, Patricia B.C.. Investigation into the aroma of rosemary using multi-channel silicone rubber traps, off-line olfactometry and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. S.Afr.j.chem. (Online) [online]. 2013, vol.66, pp. 00-00. ISSN 1996-840X.

Multi-channel polydimethylsiloxane rubber traps were used to sample the headspace of rosemary samples (two essential oils from different sources, one oleoresin and one dried herb) followed by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography -time of flight mass spectrometry (GCxGC-TOFMS) or GC-MS analyses. The aroma of different headspace samples was characterized using a custom-built olfactory apparatus. The differences between the aroma profiles were evident from bubble plots of the perceived aroma at different temperatures. The samples were heat-treated to simulate cooking of food products, and were then reassessed to determine any changes in the aroma profile. It was found that the intense menthol and cooling aromas subsided in all the samples with heating. GCxGC-TOFMS allowed for separation of the numerous components in the headspace samples. Many terpenes and aliphatics were thus tentatively identified and the relative peak areas were compared to better understand the mixture that contributes to the rosemary aroma.

Keywords : Rosemary; multi-channel silicone rubber traps; GCxGC-TOFMS; essential oil; off-line olfactometry.

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