South African Journal of Chemistry
On-line version ISSN 1996-840X
AGARWAL, Ashutosh; JOSHI, Himanshu and KUMAR, Anil. Synthesis, characterization and application of nano lepidocrocite and magnetite in the degradation of carbon tetrachloride. S.Afr.j.chem. (Online) [online]. 2011, vol.64, pp. 218-224. ISSN 1996-840X.
Degradation of halogenated organic compounds using nanoparticles is one of the innovative technologies in environmental remediation. In the present study, the synthesis, characterization and application of lepidocrocite (FeOOH) and magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles for the remediation of water contaminated with carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) has been investigated. The synthesized nanoparticles were characterized by using advanced instrumental techniques such as field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The synthesized FeOOH and Fe3O4 nanoparticles were found to have an average crystallite size of 10.94 nm and 18.10 nm, respectively. Batch degradation experiments for the degradation of CCl4 were carried out separately using both of the above synthesized nanoparticles. The degradation reactions were found to be first-order while using Fe3O4 and second-order while using FeOOH nanoparticles. Moreover, the reactivity of freshly synthesized Fe3O4 nanoparticles was found to be much higher than that of FeOOH nanoparticles.
Keywords : Nanoparticles; magnetite; lepidocrocite; carbon tetrachloride; degradation kinetics.