South African Journal of Chemistry
On-line version ISSN 1996-840X
Print version ISSN 0379-4350
YAZDANBAKHSH, Mohammad; TAVAKKOLI, Haman and HOSSEINI, Seyed Mohammad. Electrical and optical properties of nanosized perovskite-type La0.5Ca0.5MO3 (M=Co,Ni) prepared using a sol-gel method. S.Afr.j.chem. (Online) [online]. 2011, vol.64, pp.71-78. ISSN 1996-840X.
In this paper the uniform nanopowders of La0.5Ca0.5CoO3-δ and La0.5Ca0.5NiO3-δ (LCCO and LCNO) were synthesized from nitrates of the constituent metal ion, citric acid (CA), and ethylene glycol (EG) by the combined citrate-ethylene glycol (EG) method. These nanopowders were also characterized by differential thermal analysis (DTA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), SEM-EDX analysis and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) method XRD results show that single perovskite phase was completely formed after calcination at 750 °C. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra were measured for the xerogels and powder samples after calcination. In addition, the TEM images show that the average particle size of nanoparticles is approximately 25-32 nm in diameter. The ultraviolet (UV) spectrum was used to calculate the absorption coefficient (a) as a function of photon energy (hv) and the obtained results indicate that the optical band gap energy (Eg) for LCNO sample is smaller than that of LCCO. Finally, the temperature dependence of the specific resistivity of LCCO and LCNO sintered at 1100 °C was compared and revealed that the resistivity of both compounds decreases exponentially by increasing the temperature.
Keywords : La0.5Ca0.5MO3; perovskite; sol-gel process; nanopowder; optical properties.