South African Journal of Chemistry
On-line version ISSN 1996-840X
Print version ISSN 0379-4350
VORSTER, C.; GREEFF, L. and COETZEE, P.P.. The determination of 11B/10B and 87Sr/86Sr isotope ratios by quadrupole-based ICP-MS for the fingerprinting of South African wine. S.Afr.j.chem. (Online) [online]. 2010, vol.63, pp.207-214. ISSN 1996-840X.
The 11B/10B and 87Sr/86Sr isotope ratios in wines and soils of four major South African wine-producing regions have been determined by quadrupole-based ICP-MS in order to establish a fingerprint for origin verification of the wines. The 11B/10B isotope ratio was found to be a useful tool to distinguish among the wines of the selected wine regions. In addition, the use of B isotope ratios together with elemental concentrations of selected indicator elements as independent variables in a linear discriminant analysis procedure was shown to be a highly successful method to classify wine according to geographical origin. A good correlation between the B and Sr isotope ratios in wine and its provenance soil was found. Both wine and soil samples were prepared using microwave-assisted digestion followed by the isolation of boron and strontium from the sample matrix through element-specific ion exchange. Isotope ratio measurements with good precision, ~0.1 % RSD, for both boron and strontium have been obtained. The 87Sr/86Sr ratio showed limited potential as an indicator of provenance in the wine-producing regions included in this study, since the wines of only one region could be distinguished from the others.
Keywords : Boron isotope ratio; strontium isotope ratio; ICP-MS; wine analysis; fingerprinting; provenance determination.