South African Journal of Chemistry
versão On-line ISSN 1996-840X
versão impressa ISSN 0379-4350
An extract of Terminalia chebula fruits was investigated as a corrosion inhibitor of mild steel in 0.5 M H2SO4 by means of conventional mass loss, electrochemical polarization, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The mass loss results showed that the extract of Terminalia chebula is an excellent corrosion inhibitor, electrochemical polarization data revealed the mixed mode of inhibition and the results of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy showed that the change in the impedance parameters, charge transfer resistance and double layer capacitance with the change in concentration of the extract is due to the adsorption of active molecules leading to the formation of a protective layer on the surface of mild steel. Scanning electron microscopic studies provided confirmatory evidence of an improved surface condition, due to adsorption, for corrosion protection.
Palavras-chave : Terminalia chebula; acid corrosion inhibitor; electrochemical polarization; electrochemical impedance spectroscopy; mild steel.