South African Journal of Chemistry
On-line version ISSN 1996-840X
Print version ISSN 0379-4350
BILLING, Caren and CUKROWSKI, Ignacy. Glass electrode calibration for use in the voltammetric determination of stability constants under extreme acidic conditions. S.Afr.j.chem. (Online) [online]. 2009, vol.62, pp.168-178. ISSN 1996-840X.
A glass electrode (GE) can be successfully employed to measure pH in the study of metal-ligand equilibria by voltammetry at extremely low pH (between 0 and 2); two consecutive strong acid-strong base titrations involving different base concentrations (recommended to avoid corrosion of the GE in very basic solutions) are best suited to establish the response parameters of a GE. A novel approach of using a combined linear and binomial GE calibration was developed; this procedure allows measurements between pH 0 and 2 with uncertainty better than ±0.01 pH unit. From an extensive error analysis, it has been established that the uncertainties of about ±0.5 mV in the response slope and ±1.3 mV in E°' might result in an absolute error in pH of about 0.02 which should not generate errors larger than 0.3 % in optimized stability constants (as log K values) determined by voltammetry at extremely low pH. A test of GE suitability for the study of metal complexes by voltammetry is also proposed; it should be implemented only for suspect electrodes that show response parameters outside the limits recommended in this work.
Keywords : Glass electrode calibration; glass electrode performance; use of GE in highly acidic media; metal-ligand equilibria studies; potentiometry; voltammetry.