South African Journal of Chemistry
On-line version ISSN 1996-840X
Print version ISSN 0379-4350
IONITA, Petre. A coloured spin trap which works as a pH sensor. S.Afr.j.chem. (Online) [online]. 2008, vol.61, pp.123-126. ISSN 1996-840X.
Nitration of 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde afforded 2,6-dinitro-4-hydroxybenzaldehyde 2, which in the presence of thionyl chloride is converted to 4-chloro-2,6-dinitrobenzaldehyde 3. This compound is very reactive towards nucleophiles, and reacts easily with methoxyamine, affording the intermediate 4-aminomethoxy-2,6-dinitrobenzaldehyde 4. Reaction of 4 with N-t-butyl-hydroxylamine led to a new spin trap of the nitrone type, namely 4-aminomethoxy-3,5-dinitrophenyl-1-f-butylnitrone 6. The spin-trapping capabilities of the new compound have been tested in a classical system, in which short-lived radicals were generated by irradiation. The new compound 6 contains an acidic proton with a pKa value of 7.8, and removal of this by a base induces a colour change, from yellow to green-blue. In a similar way, a new stable nitronyl-nitroxide radical 8 has been obtained from the intermediate 4.
Keywords : Synthesis; free radical; spin-trapping; pH sensor; nitrone.