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South African Journal of Animal Science

On-line version ISSN 2221-4062
Print version ISSN 0375-1589


SEVIM, Behlül. Effects of supplemental bee pollen on performance, meat quality, serum constituents and immunity system in growing quails. S. Afr. j. anim. sci. [online]. 2021, vol.51, n.6, pp.745-751. ISSN 2221-4062.

This study focused on the effects of adding various levels of bee pollen to diets for Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix Japonica). The response variables that were examined included their performance, carcass characteristics, meat colour, immune system, and some serum constituents. A total of 160 one-day-old quail chicks were used. These chicks were randomly assigned to four treatments, each consisting of 40 chicks. These groups were further divided into four replicates of ten birds. The treatments consisted of diets to which 0.0, 2.5, 5.0, and 10 g/kg bee pollen were added. The feeding period lasted 42 days. The performance and serum biochemistry of the growing quails were not affected by the addition of bee pollen to the diet. The addition of 5 g/kg bee pollen increased the follicle weight and the L* value of the breast, and decreased the a* value of the thigh. It also improved the serum immunoglobulin A (IgA) content. Thus, the addition of 5 g/kg bee pollen to the diet of growing quails was effective in improving follicle development, meat quality and immune system.

Keywords : bee pollen; carcass; immunity; meat quality; quail; performance; serum.

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