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South African Journal of Animal Science

On-line version ISSN 2221-4062
Print version ISSN 0375-1589


SHIPANDENI, M.N.T.; CRUYWAGEN, C.W.  and  RAFFRENATO, E.. Effects of a starch binding agent on in vitro rumen degradability of maize and sorghum starch. S. Afr. j. anim. sci. [online]. 2020, vol.50, n.6, pp.814-818. ISSN 2221-4062.

The objective of the study was to quantify the potential of a starch binding agent (BioProtect™) to reduce in vitro rumen starch degradation of maize and sorghum particles that varied in size. Maize and sorghum grain samples were ground through 2-mm sieves with a Wiley mill and subsequently sieved to obtain these sizes: less than 250, 250 - 500, 500 - 1180, and 1180 - 2000 μm (i.e., very fine to coarse). All fractions were analysed separately for starch content. Samples were treated 24 hours before fermentation by spraying BioProtect onto the substrate. Both treated and untreated samples were fermented in vitro for 0, 6, 12 and 24 hours to quantify starch degradability. Rates of degradability (kd) were calculated with a first-order decay model. BioProtect was effective in decreasing starch degradability and rates of degradability for both grains (P <0.0001). The product was more effective with smaller particle size, by reducing starch degradability 17% for the smallest particles as opposed to 7% for the largest particles. A time interaction was observed (P <0.0001), which showed that the highest impact of BioProtect occurred after 12 hours of fermentation for both grains. The starch binding agent resulted in an effective decrease of in vitro starch degradation, but results were affected by particle size and fermentation time. Starch digestion could possibly be shifted to the small intestine with BioProtect.

Keywords : BioProtect; rates of degradation; starch digestibility.

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