South African Journal of Animal Science
On-line version ISSN 2221-4062
DANISMAN, R and GOUS, R.M.. Effect of dietary protein on the allometric relationships between some carcass portions and body protein in three broiler strains. S. Afr. j. anim. sci. [online]. 2011, vol.41, n.3, pp. 194-208. ISSN 2221-4062.
ABSTRACT This paper reports the allometric relationships between some of the physical parts and body protein weight of three commercial broiler strains reared, sexes separate, on four dietary protein levels to six weeks of age. Birds were sampled at day old and then weekly from each of the treatments to determine the weights of the physical parts and the chemical composition of each of 582 birds. Allometric regressions were compared between strains, sexes and dietary protein levels using linear regression with groups. Whereas these regressions were similar over strains and sexes, some interactions were evident between factors, and differences occurred when broilers were fed differing dietary protein levels. These differences may be explained on the basis that lipid is deposited to different extents in each of the parts in response to dietary protein, although this was not tested. The allometric regressions presented are an attempt to provide information that would enable the prediction of the weights of breast meat, thigh, drum and wing at different stages of growth of broilers whose genotype and feed composition are adequately described.
Keywords : Breast meat; thigh; drum; wing; carcass yield; simulation modelling.