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South African Journal of Agricultural Extension

On-line version ISSN 2413-3221
Print version ISSN 0301-603X

Abstract

NWAFOR, I. C.; ROBERTS, H.  and  FOURIE, P. J.. Awareness of porcine helminthiasis and the prevalent farm management operations among smallholder pig farmers in the Free State. S Afr. Jnl. Agric. Ext. [online]. 2019, vol.47, n.3, pp.61-69. ISSN 2413-3221.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/2413-3221/2019/v47n3a515.

Porcine helminthiasis and its zoonotic tendencies can lead to considerable loss of productivity and food security, especially in subsistence farming systems. Using open- and closed-ended questionnaires, this study was designed to ascertain the level of awareness of smallholder pig farmers in the selected districts of the Free State Province of South Africa to porcine helminthiasis and to gather information on the various pre- and post-slaughter practices prevalent in these areas. Results show that intestinal helminths emerged as the most common herd health problem (65.2%). There was a high rate of ignorance towards anthelmintic resistance and zoonoses among farmers. Similarly, 53.3% of respondents described the cost of anthelmintics as "expensive". A high positive correlation (P<0.01) between some farming practices exist. Furthermore, 73.9% of respondents do not slaughter their pigs in an abattoir due to the high cost of slaughter and transportation, long distances to the abattoir, and small scale of production. Moreover, 50.0% of the farmers reported that their pig production enterprise was not profitable or viable. The information from this study may be used as baseline knowledge to help formulate the development of extension programmes for sustainable pig rearing and pork production, especially among smallholder farmers.

Keywords : Anthelmintic resistance; Extension programmes; Porcine helminthiasis; Smallholder pig farmers; Zoonoses.

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