South African Journal of Agricultural Extension
On-line version ISSN 2413-3221
DIALE, N. R.. Community group environment for people participation and empowerment: the socio-cultural perspective. S Afr. Jnl. Agric. Ext. [online]. 2013, vol.41, n.1, pp. 01-09. ISSN 2413-3221.
The study was conducted in Makhuduthamaga Municipal area in Sekhukhune District of Limpopo Province in South Africa. The study observed how socio-cultural factors impact on participation environment in community development groups particularly in rural sections of society. To generate insight on these dynamics, some sets of empirical data were collected from community groups and individuals. Qualitative and quantitative sets of data were collected through structured interview schedule from simple random samples of twelve interest groups and twenty-eight individuals, and a quota sample of two organisational linkage structures. Document review of the groups was also conducted. Qualitative sets of data were collected from a simple random sample of two groups through participant observation to establishing their group dynamics and cultural protocols. The study found that the majority of community groups consisted of elderly people. It also found that the majority of people join community groups to participate in social improvement and participation. From document reviewed, no statute was found to provide for socio-cultural protocols in the groups' activities. From the observation, the study found that there are some socio-cultural norms, practices and values that negatively impact on the participation and empowerment of people in community development groups.
Keywords : Community development; community groups; group dynamics; participation; empowerment; cultural norms; socio-cultural values.