SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.79 issue2The black church as the timeless witness to change and paradigm shifts posed by the Fourth Industrial Revolution author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand



Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • On index processSimilars in Google


HTS Theological Studies

On-line version ISSN 2072-8050
Print version ISSN 0259-9422


ALLEN, Nicholas P.L.  and  JORDAAN, Pierre J.. LXX Judith: Removing the fourth wall. Herv. teol. stud. [online]. 2023, vol.79, n.2, pp.1-9. ISSN 2072-8050.

Given the strong mimetic and dramatic qualities found in Judith the authors make the suggestion that perhaps, before LXX Judith became a fixed, written text, the basic fabula might well have been part of an oral tradition. The authors accept that an appropriately written dramatic work, whether transmitted through reading or an oral presentation, by means of its performative qualities, has the potential to achieve immediacy. Here, the audience may become captivated with its own familiarity and memory of popular, communally shared narratives. Accordingly, this article attempts to find evidence in the Greek text of LXX Judith for a possible oral precursor. In this context, corroboration is sought for the employment of verbal aspect and mood of the Greek language as well as instances of drama, theatrics, bodily gestures, mnemonic devices or special emphasis on the employment of the senses such as sight, taste and smell. The authors suggest that based on an analysis of the text of Chapter 13, there is much circumstantial evidence for the Judith fabula once being an oral narrative - one that embodies the dramatic and even encourages audience participation. This characteristic strongly suggests the removal of the fourth wall - the notion of an imaginary boundary between any fictional work and its audience. CONTRIBUTION: This article shows that Judith 13 is indeed the climax of the narrative. However, it goes further. It is a vivid scene with various performative aspects. There are props, dialogue and audience participation. This research is cutting-edge and paves the way for new explorations.

Keywords : oral tradition; fourth wall; LXX Judith; dramatic irony; righteousness.

        · text in English     · English ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License