HTS Theological Studies
On-line version ISSN 2072-8050
Print version ISSN 0259-9422
GEYSER-FOUCHE, Ananda. Crucifixion at Qumran. Herv. teol. stud. [online]. 2014, vol.70, n.1, pp.01-12. ISSN 2072-8050. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/HTS.V70I1.2775.
When the last texts of Qumran cave 4 were published, another text that refers to crucifixion came to the fore, namely 4Q524 14:1-6, part of which is verbatim the same as 11QTª 64:6-13. Both texts add to the Pentateuchal text by giving the reason why persons were hanged. Therefore I will compare these two texts with each other, but also with their Pentateuchal parallels Deuteronomy 21:18-23, 22:1-2 and 22:11. I will attempt to explain the differences against the social text, by studying the crucifixion and/or hanging practices of neighbouring cultures (social text) and by reading these two texts against the fragmented text of 4QpNahum 3-4 I:7-8, which is a Qumran text that deals with execution.