HTS Theological Studies
On-line version ISSN 2072-8050
NURNBERGER, Klaus. The end of the world: The challenge of modern science to traditional eschatology. Herv. teol. stud. [online]. 2012, vol.68, n.1, pp. 1-10. ISSN 2072-8050.
In biblical times the 'Word of God' indicated God's creative and redemptive response to changing human predicaments and depravations. Redemptive events became traditions that were applied to new situations. Many biblical future expectations lost their relevance and plausibility already within canonical history. Modern science has rendered a literal interpretation of the most recent and radical biblical future expectations - resurrection and a 'new heaven and earth' - problematic. Apocalyptic deliberately employed enigmatic symbols and metaphors to indicate God's miraculous intervention to change an evil world into a new and authentic reality. This motif can be reconceptualised as God's vision for the comprehensive optimal well-being of humanity within the well-being of creation as a whole, which translates into God's concern for any deficiency in well-being in any dimension of life. The emergence of the notion of resurrection to face judgement was rooted in concern about God's justice (theodicy) rather than the longing for never-ending life. The resurrection of Jesus was deemed God's affirmation of his messianic authority to proclaim and enact God's redeeming love, thus its validity for all times and places - which opened up participation in the new life of Christ in fellowship with God for all people.