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HTS Theological Studies

On-line version ISSN 2072-8050
Print version ISSN 0259-9422


CARLOS, Molina  and  VAN ECK, Ernest. ΣΦραγÎς (sfragís) and its metaphorical testimonial presence in 2 Timothy 2:19. Herv. teol. stud. [online]. 2011, vol.67, n.3, pp.362-366. ISSN 2072-8050.

This article presented a metaphorical testimonial approach in the interpretation of 2 Timothy 2:19 and the use of sealing. As starting point, attention was given to the concept of 'seal' through the Old Testament and Ancient Near East. These periods attest the fact that sealing was also utilised in a figurative way as a sign of ownership, property and authenticity. Óöñáãß in 2 Timothy 2:19 describes the intimate relationship between Christ and his followers through the terms ãéõùóêù [personal and vital relationship that transcends in practice] and áõáãéõùóêù [mainly an exterior knowledge]. These two vocables are in opposition to áäéêßá [to apostate from]. The message expressed in 2:19 exemplifies the principles that Christ lived by and he empowered his followers to stand by. Óöñáãßò in 2 Timothy 2:19 is an imitatio Christi response against the áäéêßá of moral standards and entertainment in the ancient Roman world. It includes a rapid contemporary reflection on practical faithfulness for today's life.

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