Hervormde Teologiese Studies
Print version ISSN 0259-9422
WAHL, Peter. International financial markets and development. Herv. teol. stud. [online]. 2009, vol.65, n.1, pp. 1-4. ISSN 0259-9422.
The current financial crisis has not come about by chance. It is the result of a system that has emerged over the last 30 years and which Keynes may well have called the ‘casino economy’. The dominance of finance over real economy characterises the financial crisis, while finance itself is dominated by the all-encompassing target of maximum profit at all times. Other aims of economic activity such as job creation, social welfare and development have fallen by the wayside. In response, new actors are surfacing, e.g. the institutional investor (hedge funds, private equity funds, etc.), while new instruments are leading to highly leveraged and destabilising derivatives. The casino system has been promoted by governments and intergovernmental institutions to liberalise and deregulate financial markets. Although developing countries have not participated in the casino system, they have been suffering most from the spill-over into the real economy. The main lesson learnt is that the casino has to be closed.
Keywords : international financial markets; globalisation; monetary policy; casino economy; liquid capital.