SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.40 issue1Demitrios Tsafendas and the subversion of apartheid's paper regimePapering over the cracks: An ethnography of land title in the Eastern Cape author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Kronos

On-line version ISSN 2309-9585
Print version ISSN 0259-0190

Abstract

BRECKENRIDGE, Keith. The Book of Life: The South African population register and the invention of racial descent, 1950-1980. Kronos [online]. 2014, vol.40, n.1, pp.225-240. ISSN 2309-9585.

This article examines the project of racial classification under Apartheid through the operations of the population register. It follows, in particular, a shift in the determination of race from the criterion of'community acceptance' in the early 1950s to a purely administrative and bureaucratic matter of descent derived from the paperwork in the late 1960s. The study shows that the project Eben Dönges called the 'Book of Life' was at the heart of the planning and practice of the Apartheid state, but that it took two contrasting forms. The first, associated with the green identity cards issued during the 1950s and early 1960s, derived identities and races for six million people, with surprising success, on the basis of the returns to the 1951 census. The second, associated with the inconvenient 50-page Book of Life that was issued after 1970, was a pure case of unrestrained panopticism and a simple failure, failing even to re-register the original population captured by the green identity cards.

        · text in English     · English ( pdf )

 

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License