SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.35 issue1A flying Springbok of wartime British skies: A.G. 'Sailor' MalanLand redistribution politics in the Eastern Cape midlands: the case of the Lukhanji municipality, 1995-2006 author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Article

Indicators

    Related links

    • On index processCited by Google
    • On index processSimilars in Google

    Bookmark

    Kronos

    Print version ISSN 0259-0190

    Abstract

    ISRAEL, Paolo. Utopia Live: singing the Mozambican struggle for national liberation. Kronos (Bellville) [online]. 2009, vol.35, n.1, pp. 98-141. ISSN 0259-0190.

    This article engages a historical reconstruction of the formation of Makonde revolutionary singing in the process of the Mozambican liberation struggle. The history of 'Utopia live' is here entrusted to wartime genres, marked by heteroglossia and the use of metaphor, and referring to moments when the 'space of experience' and the 'horizon of expectation' of the Struggle were still filled with uncertainty and the sense of possibility. Progressively, however, singing expressions were reorganised around socialism's nodes of meaning. Ideological tropes, elaborated by Frelimo's 'courtly' composers, were appropriated in popular singing. The relations between the 'people' and their leaders were made apparent through the organization of the performance space. The main contention of the article is that unofficiality, heteroglossia, metaphor and poetic license, although they feature in genres that have been marked out as 'popular' in academic discourse, are by no means intrinsically 'popular'. Much on the contrary, they are the first victims of populist modes of political actions, that is, of a politics grounded on a concept of 'people'.

            · text in English     · pdf in English