SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.112 número10 índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados



Links relacionados

  • Em processo de indexaçãoCitado por Google
  • Em processo de indexaçãoSimilares em Google


SAMJ: South African Medical Journal

versão On-line ISSN 2078-5135
versão impressa ISSN 0256-9574


JACOBSON, B et al. Heterologous vaccination of BNT162b2 in Ad26. COV2.S-vaccinated healthcare workers elicits long-term humoral immune response. SAMJ, S. Afr. med. j. [online]. 2022, vol.112, n.10. ISSN 2078-5135.

BACKGROUND: To date, there are no immunological data for the SARS-CoV-2 heterologous vaccination schedule in the South African (SA) population OBJECTIVES: To assess and compare the immunogenicity and reactogenicity of the Jansen Ad26.COV2.S vaccine with the Pfizer/BioNTech-BNT162b2 booster following prime Ad26.COV2.S in 65 SA healthcare workers METHODS: In a prospective, quantitative, cross-sectional trial on individuals >18 years of age vaccinated with a single Ad26.COV2.S dose or single Ad26.COV2.S and a BNT162b2 single-dose/both doses booster, participants filled in a questionnaire on their demographics, type of vaccination, breakthrough infection/s (BTI/s), vaccine reactogenicity, prior SARS-CoV-2 infection and dates of vaccination. Qualitative analysis for presence/absence of anti-S (spike) immunoglobulin G (IgG) was performed using the Euroimmun anti-IgG enzyme-linked immunoassay kit, and anti-S IgG titres were quantitatively assessed using the Abbott IgG Quant II kit RESULTS: Between 28 October 2021 and 30 November 2021, 65 individuals were enrolled and assigned as either prime Ad26.COV2.S (n=18) or Ad26.COV2.S with a BNT162b2 supplement (n=47) at Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital, SA (mean age 45 years (95% confidence interval (CI) 29.5 - 58), 42 women (64.6%) and 23 men (35.4%)). The median IgG titre for the primed Ad26.COV2.S group was 4 272.55 (95% CI 68.40 - 10 351.40) and that for the BNT162b2 supplement group was 7 360.80 (95% CI 4 207.40 - 15 372.60). In the univariate model, the BNT162b2 supplement group showed a significant 1.99 times higher antibody titre factor (95% CI 0.045 -5.553; p<0.005) than the Ad26.COV2.S group. In both univariate and multivariate models, age, time since prime vaccination, BTI and prior infection failed to show any statistically significant association (p>0.05) with antibody titres in both groups. However, sex (-55.381 (95% CI -76.984 - -13.498; p=0.018) in a multivariate model was found to have a statistically significant association with anti-S IgG titres observed in both groups. Participants who received their first dose of BNT162b2 9-10 months after their prime Ad26.COV2.S (n=44) had a higher degree of antibody response than those who received it earlier. Reactogenicity was observed to be manageable, with mild/moderate adverse effects in the study population CONCLUSION: A BNT162b2 supplement given in single or two doses as booster in individuals primed with Ad26.COV2.S induced immunological response, with acceptable and manageable reactogenicity. This study provides novel evidence of the highest degree of antibody response in individuals who received a BNT162b2 first dose 9-10 months after prime Ad26.COV2.S, implying that a longer time gap between the two vaccines stimulates higher antibody response than a shorter gap, and that this antibody response can persist for as long as 6 months after the last BNT162b2 dose

        · texto em Inglês     · Inglês ( pdf )


Creative Commons License Todo o conteúdo deste periódico, exceto onde está identificado, está licenciado sob uma Licença Creative Commons