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SAMJ: South African Medical Journal

versão On-line ISSN 2078-5135
versão impressa ISSN 0256-9574

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VAN NIEKERK, A; WHITE, D A; GOUSSARD, P  e  RISENGA, S M. Childhood asthma: A best-practice strategy for diagnosis and assessment of control in South Africa. SAMJ, S. Afr. med. j. [online]. 2021, vol.111, n.8, pp.705-709. ISSN 2078-5135.  http://dx.doi.org/10.7196/samj.2021.v111i5.15851.

The South African (SA) Childhood Asthma Working Group of the Allergy Society of SA (ALLSA) advises on best-practice strategy for childhood asthma management. The strategy is in accordance with current evidence and consensus. The aim of this review is to inform on a best-practice strategy for asthma diagnosis and the assessment of asthma control in SA children who attend public and private healthcare services. The diagnosis of asthma is more difficult in preschool-aged than school-aged children. This review proposes a four-step diagnostic approach in both groups, with an added obligation to objectively measure variable expiratory airflow limitation in school-aged children. Asthma control refers to the degree to which the effects of asthma can be seen in patients, or to which these have been reduced by treatment. After initiation of treatment, it is essential to assess asthma control at regular follow-up visits, and to adjust treatment accordingly. Patient education is key to attaining control.

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