SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.110 issue5Investigating hair zinc concentrations in children with and without atopic dermatitisTuberculosis burden in stage 5 chronic kidney disease patients undergoing dialysis therapy at Livingstone Hospital, Port Elizabeth, South Africa author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand



Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • On index processSimilars in Google


SAMJ: South African Medical Journal

On-line version ISSN 2078-5135
Print version ISSN 0256-9574


NKOANA, M K  and  RHINE, A A. Correlation between self-monitored mean blood glucose and average plasma glucose estimated from glycated haemoglobin in patients attending the diabetes clinic at Dr George Mukhari Academic Hospital, Pretoria, South Africa. SAMJ, S. Afr. med. j. [online]. 2020, vol.110, n.5, pp.416-421. ISSN 2078-5135.

BACKGROUND. Glycated haemoglobin (HbAlc) has been used for decades as a measure of chronic glycaemia. A simple linear relationship between HbAlc values and mean blood glucose (MBG) has been identified and led to conversion of HbAlc values into estimated average glucose (eAG) levels, following the findings of the Ale-Derived Average Glucose (ADAG) Study Group. The intention was to help patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) understand their glycaemic control better, as eAG is reported in the same units as self-monitored glucose levels. However, factors other than glycaemia have been found to affect the relationship between HbAlc and MBG.OBJECTIVES. To: (i) determine the relationship between self-monitored MBG levels and HbAlc values; and (ii) evaluate the correlation between MBG levels and eAG levels calculated from HbAlc values using the regression equation derived from the ADAG Study Group in black South African patients with DMMETHODS. This was a prospective observational study of 96 diabetic patients. MBG levels were calculated using glucose measurements downloaded from the glucose meters for the previous 90 days (3 months). High-performance liquid chromatography was used for measurement of HbAlc values, collected at the end of 3 months. eAG was calculated using the regression equation from the ADAG Study Group, as follows: eAG (mmol/L) = 1.5944 x HbAlc (NGSP, %) - 2.594.RESULTS. A positive correlation was found between MBG and HbAlc in all participants (R2=0.69, p<0.0001). There was a wide range of MBG levels for any given HbAlc value. Clinically significant differences between MBG and eAG were found, with a >10% difference in 65.6% of the participants. eAG overestimated MBG in -71.8% of the study population, with an overestimation of > 1.6 mmol/L (28.7 mg/dL, equivalent to a 1% change in HbAlc value) in -50% of the total study population.CONCLUSIONS. Our findings showed an imperfect relationship between MBG levels and HbAlc values. eAG significantly overestimated MBG, and this disagreement may cause confusion among both patients and clinicians. The risk of hypoglycaemic episodes may also increase if HbAlc and eAG alone are used to intensify therapy. We recommend that the use of eAG should be validated prior to implementation in clinical practice. It would be ideal to evaluate the relationship between average glucose and HbAlc in each individual patient in order to provide more personalised diabetes care.

        · text in English     · English ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License