SAMJ: South African Medical Journal
On-line version ISSN 2078-5135
Print version ISSN 0256-9574
KYRIAKAKIS, C G et al. An approach to the patient with suspected pericardial disease. SAMJ, S. Afr. med. j. [online]. 2016, vol.106, n.2, pp.151-155. ISSN 2078-5135. http://dx.doi.org/10.7196/SAMJ.2016.V106I2.10328.
Diseases of the pericardium commonly manifest in one of three ways: acute pericarditis, pericardial effusion and constrictive pericarditis. In the developed world, the most common cause of acute pericarditis is viral or idiopathic disease, while in the developing world tuberculous aetiology, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, is commonplace owing to the high prevalence of HIV. This article provides an approach to the diagnosis, investigation and management of these patients.