SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.105 issue9Pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: An African perspectivePharmacological management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand



Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • On index processSimilars in Google


SAMJ: South African Medical Journal

On-line version ISSN 2078-5135
Print version ISSN 0256-9574


ABRAHAM, S  and  SYMONS, G. Non-pharmacological management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. SAMJ, S. Afr. med. j. [online]. 2015, vol.105, n.9, pp.789-789. ISSN 2078-5135.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the third leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally, contributing to a substantial use of resources. According to World Health Organization estimates, 65 million people have moderate to severe COPD. The condition is also recognised as a systemic disease with extrapulmonary manifestations, such as peripheral muscle dysfunction, malnutrition and depression, which further contribute to disability, poor quality of life, exacerbations and mortality. Optimum management requires non-pharmacological interventions combined with pharmacological treatment. However, the former is often neglected and not widely used in daily practice, with the focus mainly on the latter.

        · text in English     · English ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License