SAMJ: South African Medical Journal
On-line version ISSN 2078-5135
Print version ISSN 0256-9574
MCQUOID-MASON, D J. Withholding or withdrawing treatment and palliative treatment hastening death: The real reason why doctors are not held legally liable for murder. SAMJ, S. Afr. med. j. [online]. 2014, vol.104, n.2, pp.102-103. ISSN 2078-5135.
Doctors who hasten the termination of the lives of their patients by withholding or withdrawing treatment or prescribing a potentially fatal palliative dose of medication satisfy the elements of intention and causation of a charge of murder against them. However, the courts have held that, for policy reasons based on 'society's legal convictions', such conduct is not unlawful if the patient consented to it or medical treatment would be futile or palliative treatment may hasten death. Doctors are not held liable for murder because society regards their omissions or acts as lawful - not because they did not have the intention in law to kill or did not cause the death of their patients.