SAMJ: South African Medical Journal
On-line version ISSN 2078-5135
HARDCASTLE, T C et al. External patient temperature control in emergency centres, trauma centres, intensive care units and operating theatres: A multi-society literature review. SAMJ, S. Afr. med. j. [online]. 2013, vol.103, n.9, pp. 609-611. ISSN 2078-5135.
Here we review the available literature supporting the routine and timely use of external patient warming devices of all possible types during emergency department and peri-operative situations, including the role of best ambient temperature, and provides a best-practice statement on the need for such devices. It aims to present a guideline document endorsed by the major South African professional societies in the field of emergency and peri-operative care.