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SAMJ: South African Medical Journal

Print version ISSN 0256-9574

Abstract

MADHI, Shabir Ahmed et al. One-year post-primary antibody persistence and booster immune response to a DTaP-IPV//PRP~T vaccine (Pentaxim) given at 18 - 19 months of age in South African children primed at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age with the same vaccine. SAMJ, S. Afr. med. j. [online]. 2011, vol.101, n.12, pp. 879-883. ISSN 0256-9574.

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To assess the immunogenicity and safety of a pentavalent diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis, inactivated poliovirus, Hib polysaccharide-conjugate vaccine booster. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A DTaP-IPV//PRP~T vaccine (Pentaxim, a Sanofi Pasteur AcXim family vaccine) was given to 182 healthy children in South Africa at 18 - 19 months of age following priming with the same vaccine plus a monovalent hepatitis B vaccine at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age. OUTCOME MEASURES: Seroprotection (SP) and seroconversion (SC) rates, geometric mean titres (GMTs) and concentrations (GMCs) were assessed before, and 1 month after, the booster dose. Safety was assessed using parental reports. RESULTS: One month after primary vaccination, at least 94.3% of participants were seroprotected against tetanus (>0.01 IU/ml), diphtheria (>0.01 IU/ml), poliovirus (>8 1/dil) and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) infection (>0.15 µg/ml). Before the booster dose, the SP rates ranged from 65.7% to 100%. One month after the booster dose, SP rates were 97.7% for Hib (anti-PRP titre >1.0 µg/ml), 100.0% for diphtheria (>0.1 IU/ml) and 100% for tetanus (>0.1 IU/ml) and poliovirus types 1, 2, 3 (>8 1/dil). At least 95.7% of participants had fourfold post-booster increases in anti-pertussis antibody titres. GMTs increased from 11.21 to 465.51 EU/ml and from 12.89 to 520.35 EU/ml for anti-PT and anti-FHA respectively. Anti-PRP GMT increased from 0.35 to 47.01 µg/ml. The DTaPIPV// PRP~T vaccine booster was well tolerated, with fever >39.0ºC in only 1.7% of participants. CONCLUSIONS: Antibody persistence following priming was satisfactory. The pentavalent DTaP-IPV//PRP~T vaccine booster was highly immunogenic and well tolerated.

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