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South African Journal of Surgery

On-line version ISSN 2078-5151
Print version ISSN 0038-2361


KRIGE, J E J et al. Resection of benign liver tumours: an analysis of 62 consecutive cases treated in an academic referral centre. S. Afr. j. surg. [online]. 2017, vol.55, n.3, pp.27-34. ISSN 2078-5151.

BACKGROUND: Benign tumours of the liver are increasingly diagnosed and constitute a substantial proportion of all hepatic tumours evaluated and resected at tertiary referral centres. This study assessed the safety and outcome after resection of benign liver tumours at a major referral centre. METHODS: All patients with symptomatic benign liver tumours who underwent resection were identified from a prospective departmental database of a total of 474 liver resections (LRs). Demographic data, operative management and morbidity and mortality using the Accordion classification were analysed. RESULTS: Sixty-two patients (56 women, 6 men, median age 45 years, range 17-82) underwent resection of symptomatic haemangiomata n=23 (37.1%), focal nodular hyperplasia n=19 (30.6%), biliary cystadenoma n=16 (25.8%) and hepatic adenomas n=4 (6.5%). A major resection was required in 25 patients, 14 patients had 4 segments resected, 11 had 3 segments and 37 patients had 2 or fewer segments resected. Median operating time was 169 minutes (range 80-410). Median blood loss was 300 ml (range 50-4500 ml) and an intra-operative blood transfusion was required in 6 patients. Median length of post-operative hospital stay was 7 days (range 4-32). Complications occurred in 11 patients (Accordion grades 1 n=1, 2 n=4, 3 n=1, 4 n=4, 6 n=1). Four patients required re-operation (bleeding n=2, bile leak n=1, small bowel obstruction n=1). An elderly patient died in hospital on day 16 following a postoperative cerebrovascular accident. CONCLUSIONS: Clinically relevant symptomatic benign liver tumours comprise a substantial proportion of LRs. Our data suggest that resections can be performed safely with minimal blood loss and transfusion requirements. We advocate selective resection according to established indications. Despite the low postoperative mortality rate, the risk of postoperative complications emphasizes the need for careful selection of patients for resection.

Keywords : Surgery; benign; liver tumours.

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