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South African Journal of Surgery

On-line version ISSN 2078-5151
Print version ISSN 0038-2361

Abstract

YAğMUR, Y et al. Laparoscopic management of hydatid cyst of the liver. S. Afr. j. surg. [online]. 2016, vol.54, n.3, pp.14-17. ISSN 2078-5151.

BACKGROUND: Hydatid liver disease management has evolved from traditional operative approaches to the increasing application of laparoscopic treatments. We aimed to prospectively assess the early outcomes of laparoscopic treatment at our institution. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-four patients with hydatid disease of liver were screened with ultrasonography and computed tomography of the abdomen to exclude Gharbi type V cysts. The distribution of cyst sizes was: 1-4 cm, 10; 5-10 cm, 24; 10-15 cm, 8; > 15 cm, 2 patients. The following laparoscopy therapies were performed: 30 patients had cystectomy alone, 14 patients had partial pericystectomy. Pericystectomy was performed using a hook and harmonic tissue sealers with the resection made through normal liver tissue. RESULTS: Three patients were converted to open surgery. Seven patients had biliary leakage through their cystic cavity drains. Five stopped spontaneously by the 7th postoperative day and 2 responded to ERCP sphincterotomy. There were no deaths and no recurrence of disease noted by 6 months CONCLUSION: In selected patients with hepatic hydatid disease, a laparoscopic treatment is feasible and safe with low conversion rate and short term recurrences.

Keywords : Hydatid cyst of liver; laparoscopic treatment.

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