South African Journal of Surgery
On-line version ISSN 2078-5151
Print version ISSN 0038-2361
ABOGUNRIN, F A. Renal arteriovenous fistula: A rare complication of electro-hydraulic lithotripsy. S. Afr. j. surg. [online]. 2012, vol.50, n.4, pp.134-135. ISSN 2078-5151.
Renal arteriovenous fistula (rAVF) is an uncommon condition, usually iatrogenic and in most cases caused by percutaneous renal needle biopsy. This is a report of rAVF following flexible ureteroscopic electro-hydraulic lithotripsy of a lower pole renal calculus and its subsequent management. A high index of suspicion is required for the diagnosis of this rare complication, which is easily treated by radiological intervention.