South African Journal of Surgery
On-line version ISSN 2078-5151
Print version ISSN 0038-2361
DESAI, J.; LOWNIE, J. F. and CLEATON-JONES, P.. Prospective audit of mandibular fractures at the Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital. S. Afr. j. surg. [online]. 2010, vol.48, n.4, pp.122-126. ISSN 2078-5151.
OBJECTIVE: This study was a prospective cross-sectional clinical audit of patients with mandibular fractures at the Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital. Methods. Between 1 March and 31 August 2004, patients with mandibular fractures seen by one clinician had their details recorded. RESULTS: The female:male ratio of the study sample of 133 patients was 1:6. Seventy-seven per cent were aged 20 - 39 years. Most fractures (86%) were the result of interpersonal violence, and 65% were alcohol-associated. Open reduction (75%) was the most common treatment. CONCLUSION: This study had the highest interpersonal violence and open reduction rates of all the studies reviewed.